Belarus, the legal name - the Republic of Belarus - the state in Eastern Europe. Borders with Russia in the east, with Ukraine in the south, with Poland in the west, with Lithuania and Latvia in the north-west. The area of the country is 207.6 square kilometers. The population of about 9.5 million people.
Belarus is a country of blue lakes, wide rivers, and pristine nature. Ancient traditions, interesting architecture, hospitality of the residents - the visiting card of the country. In Belarus, you can get better at the wonderful Belarusian sanatoriums, try masterpieces of national cuisine, visit a huge number of museums and exhibitions, relax from the city's bustle in rural snug manor... The country's affability and hospitality will not leave anyone indifferent!
Minsk is the capital of Belarus, as well as the cultural, political and economic center of the republic. The largest city of Belarus is located in the center of the country, on the river Svisloch. Minsk is rich in historical, cultural and architectural monuments: Trinity Suburb, Victory Square, Independence Avenue, cathedral and churches, the National Library of Belarus, the Botanical Garden and much more.
The largest cities
Brest is the administrative center of the Brest region and the Brest district as well as a large auto and railway junction. The city is located in the south-west of Belarus, at the confluence of the Mukhavets River in the Western Bug. Brest is at the junction of the borders of three states - Belarus, Ukraine and Poland. The location of Brest determined its historical destiny: the city changed its state membership more than once. Brest is one of the oldest cities in Belarus. The official birth date of the city is 1019. The main centers of attraction of tourists in the city are the Brest Fortress, pedestrian Sovetskaya Street.
The famous national park "Belovezhskaya Pushcha" begins in 60 kilometers from Brest. This is perhaps the most famous sight of Belarus. On the territory of the reserve is the largest remains of the relic primitive plain forest, where rare representatives of the local flora and fauna live.
Gomel is the administrative center of the Gomel region and the district, located in the south-east of the republic, on the Sozh River. It is the second city in the country by population. In the central part of Gomel there are many interesting sights: the Rumyantsev – Paskevich Palace, the Chapel-Tomb of the Paskevichs, Cathedral of Peter and Paul, the Hunting Lodge (the summer residence of the Paskevichs), the Winter Garden, Ilyinsky Church, St. Nicholas Church and others.
Mogilev is a city in the east of the country, the administrative center of the Mogilev region and the district. It is located on the picturesque banks of the Dnieper. From the religious buildings preserved the existing Orthodox St. Nicholas nunnery, baroque Catholic Church of St. Stanislaus, cathedral of the Three Saints. The historic center of the city is the pedestrian Leninskaya Street with medieval architecture.
Vitebsk is a city in the north-east of the country, an administrative center of the Vitebsk region and the Vitebsk district. It is located on the river Zapadnaya Dvina. In the center of Vitebsk, a historically developed complex of buildings has partially survived. Within this area, you can see the planning network of streets of the late XVIII - first half of the XIX century. The city regularly hosts various festivals and competitions. The most popular of them is the International Festival "Slavyanskiy Bazar".
Grodno is a city in the Republic of Belarus, the administrative center of the Grodno region. Located on the banks of the Neman, on the border with Poland and Lithuania. The first mention of Grodno was in 1128 in the Ipatiev Chronicle. Modern architectural development of the city is a mixture of different eras and styles: from the ancient Russian architecture and Gothic to modernism and constructivism.
About the country for tourists
The climate of Belarus is moderately continental, transitional from marine to continental. Formed under the influence of air masses of the Atlantic. In the winter period, thaws are not uncommon. The average summer temperature ranges from + 17 ° C in the north, to + 18-19 ° C in the south. Precipitation falls evenly, with an increase from south to north - from 500 mm in the south, to 800 mm in the north-west. The maximum amount of precipitation usually falls in the autumn-winter period.
Language and population
The main part of the population is Belarusians, but there are also representatives of other nationalities - Russians, Tatars, Poles, Ukrainians, Jews. The Belarusian language belongs to the eastern group of Slavic languages. Currently, there are two official languages in the country - Belarusian and Russian.
The most widespread religion in Belarus is Christianity. Christians of Belarus profess Orthodoxy, Catholicism, Uniatism, and Protestantism. Among other religions, the most common are Judaism and Islam.
Belarus is friendly and hospitable people. The patience and peaceful disposition of Belarusians are explained by military historical events, which were not few in the given territory for a long history. Belarus is always glad to guests and is interested in acquaintance with the culture and traditions of the country.
Currency and currency exchange
The official currency of the country is the Belarusian ruble (BYN). Exchange currency in Belarus is easy, because in large cities there are a lot of exchange offices and ATMs. However, there may be a problem with currency exchange in small towns or villages. In addition, there may be difficulties with the exchange of "no ordinary currency" (for example, the Japanese yen) and travel checks. All exchange receipts must be retained before you leave the country. International credit cards Visa, MasterCard and others are accepted for payment in all shops, hotels, restaurants of large cities.
The amount of currency imported into Belarus is not limited. Without additional payments it is allowed to import 50 kg of luggage - personal items worth no more than 1500 euros, for arrivals by plane not more than 10,000 euros. Without payment of duties, it is allowed to transport 3 liters of alcohol and 200 cigarettes. To import into Belarus are prohibited: firearms, military equipment, drugs, poisons, radioactive and explosive substances. Import of animals and plants is allowed only if there are appropriate veterinary and medical certificates. For more information, please visit:
Foreigners must have a compulsory medical insurance contract at the entrance to the Republic of Belarus. The existence of the contract is confirmed by an insurance policy, which must operate on the territory of Belarus during the entire period of stay of the foreign guest, include insurance cases established by the legislation of the Republic of Belarus. Emergency and urgent medical care is provided in all state medical and preventive institutions of the Republic of Belarus, payment for services is made according to the current price list.
Belarusian national dishes: pork with sour cream and mushrooms - cooked in clay pots, potato dumplings with fried onion and cracklings, pike ear, Belarusian draniki (potato pancakes), polandvitsa, mashanka with pancakes, boiled crayfish, krambambula (alcoholic drink) , a croupier (herbal medicine drink), Belarusian kvass, birch sap, reprints (thin baked bread), pea pancakes, malt (a dish of heated and cooled gums) ...
Holidays and non-working days
January 1 - New Year
January 7 - Christmas (according to the calendar of the Orthodox faith)
March 8 - Women's Day
Radunitsa (according to the calendar of the Orthodox faith)
May 1 - Holiday of Labor
May 9 - Victory Day
July 3 - Independence Day of the Republic of Belarus (Republic Day)
November 7 - Day of the October Revolution
December 25 - Christmas (according to the calendar of the Catholic faith)
Useful phone numbers and links
• MES - 101
• Police - 102
• Emergency medical care - 103
• Background of the city telephone network - 109 (state), 185 (commercial)
• Air reference - 106
The official Internet portal of the President of the Republic of Belarus http://www.president.gov.by
National Agency for Tourism http://belarustourism.by
Portal about Belarus http://www.belarus.by
State Customs Committee of the Republic of Belarus http://www.customs.gov.by/en
Ministry of Foreign Affairs http://mfa.gov.by